New Zealand History:
In 1840 the first shiploads of British settlers arrive, and the New Zealand Company occupies land around Wellington, New Plymouth, Wanganui and Nelson. Māori see the presence of British settlers as commercially useful.
The New Zealand Flag hasn’t always been our official flag. It was adopted in 1902, replacing the Union Jack. Between 1834 and 1840, the Flag of the United Tribes was recognised as our first ‘national’ flag. Waitangi Day 2010 also marked the first official recognition of the national Maori flag.
Ever since its signing in 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi has continued to make an indelible mark on the national story. Every year on 6 February, New Zealand marks the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. In that year, representatives of the British Crown and over 500 Maori chiefs signed what is New Zealand’s founding document. The day was first officially commemorated in 1934, and it has been a public holiday since 1974.
Gay History in New Zealand:
29 July 1993
The Human Rights Commission Amendment Act, outlawing discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation (“heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual or lesbian”) or HIV, is passed by Parliament after only 1 1/2 days of debate but intensive lobbying.
21 October 1995
Georgina Beyer, a transexual, is elected Mayor of Carterton.
Judith Tizard MP (Labour, Panmure) proposes legalising same-sex marriage.
12 October 1996
First MMP General Election. Openly gay MP Chris Carter (Labour, Te Atatu) defeated, but Tim Barnett (Labour, Christchurch Central), first to campaign as openly gay, elected. The Christian Coalition fails to pass the 5% threshold (gets 4.3%) and gains no seats in Parliament
12 September 2004
Same-sex civil unions were introduced into law in New Zealand. Civil union rights include immigration, social welfare and property rights, among other benefits. However, unmarried couples cannot adopt children.